A description of site hosting
As its name implies, web hosting is a solution, which involves hosting web content. There are various forms and kinds of hosting, depending on the purpose and on the functions. Nevertheless, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Internet. A host is in fact a hosting server that is linked to the Web and has its own personal Internet Protocol address, which permits people to gain access to it through the Web. The hosting server's architecture and its limitations depend on the form of hosting service it's going to be utilized for.
What are the different forms of hosting?
Based on the function, the web hosting service may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of web hosting permits the customers to stash their files on a certain web server. With the normal file hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the client that's using the service. This hosting solution typically refers to backups of personal computers , docs, private files and even other web hosting servers. This solution may also involve given restrictions in terms of the server storage and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth limitations, but that depends on the given host.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is very similar to the previous web hosting service form. However, in contrast with the file web hosting service, the warez web hosting solution is used for spreading proprietary content without the sanction of the license proprietor. To cut a long story short - it involves the illegal transmission of files and documents. There are many methods for this to be performed, but the 2 main approaches are - through simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first way involves either a specific site, or, most typically, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download proprietary content free of charge. The second method entails a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent web servers, through which users share files between each other. There are very few web site hosting firms that allow that form of hosting on their web hosting servers, mostly because of all the legal entanglements that it presupposes. Generally such web portals are hosted on private dedicated hosting servers that are registered by 3rd party enterprises either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this service is relevant with both shared website hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the user's intention. If you wish to set up your own personal SMTP mail server, then you will require either a private virtual web server or a dedicated web hosting server that provides the level of access needed to complete such an operation. For normal mail hosting purposes, however, you can avail of a regular shared site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a solution that's widely famous, since the web page hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by two different web servers, often owned by separate web hosts.
Site Hosting - the most widespread and regularly used hosting service at the moment. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type depends on the Operating System the web hosting server is utilizing - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files require different server OSs, otherwise they won't be displayed correctly on the Web. This form of web hosting may contain web space and web traffic quota limits, root access and CPU usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the objectives, the customer should choose the kind of server that he demands for his work, and, of course, the webspace hosting firm that's going to furnish it. There are various types of hosting servers, based on the specifications and the web site hosting solutions that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared website hosting server supplies a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is reflected on the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small and medium scale web portals, which do not need big quotas of web storage space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Hosting - they operate on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. Still, there are much fewer customers accommodated on the same server. That is why, each of them will receive a bigger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, data storage, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting immense websites that do not demand root-level access.
VPS - the VPS servers are perfect for medium scale web portals, which do need root-level access to the web server's config files. Traditionally, there are a number of virtual private web server hosting accounts placed on the same physical server. Yet, each of them is isolated from the other ones and runs its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated hosting server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a mammoth amount of resources. It also includes server root access, which renders it a perfect solution for any sort of site that demands a web site hosting solution.
The sole question that remains is:
Which web site hosting provider should I settle on?
As mentioned above, there are very few web hosts offering warez hosting services because of judicial entanglements. Such hosts are being shut down almost every month. Therefore, if you would like to offer such a service, you should do it on your own PC. The shared web hosting solution is the most famous kind of hosting service. For that reason, each webspace hosting corporation offers it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as virtual web hosting servers, semi-dedicated web servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the small sized webspace hosting companies do not have the means demanded for offering those solutions. Because of that it's invariably best to opt for a larger web hosting company that can supply its clients with all the solutions that they want. You can quickly identify such companies by the kinds of services that they are providing and by the way that they introduce them to the clients. For instance, some companies permit you to commence with a small scale web hosting account and afterwards shift to a bigger one, if you consider it obligatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not have to transfer web portals between servers and there is no risk of suffering service interruptions because of all the problems that may arise. Web hosting providers such as Free Hostia offer all kinds of solutions and have the necessary server resources and staff to guarantee that their clients will not encounter any complications when swapping services, which is what a top hosting provider is actually all about.